Acknowledgements & Copyright Notice

The publisher would like to express appreciation to the following vehicle manufacturers for their assistance in producing this product. No further reproduction or distribution of the material in this manual is allowed without the expressed written permission of the vehicle manufacturers and the publisher.

Portions of materials contained herein are sourced from Chrysler Group LLC.

This product contains material that is reproduced and distributed under a license from Ford Motor Company. No further reproduction or distribution of the Ford Motor Company material is allowed without express written permission from Ford Motor Company.

The recommended times for the repairs described in this publication with respect to Ford and Lincoln-Mercury branded products are not based solely upon time studies conducted by Ford Motor Company. The repair times it recommends to its franchised dealers for warranty repairs are based on time studies of the diagnostic and repair procedures it conducts and publishes in Ford Motor Company service manuals. Accordingly, the recommended repair times specified in this publication are designed for aftermarket repairs only.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted with permission of General Motors Corporation, Service and Parts Operations under License Agreement #1510757. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted or stored in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by information storage or retrieval system, without prior written permission from the publisher.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted under license from American Honda Corporation, License Agreement 14201AH.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted under license from Hyundai, License Agreement HMA13006.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted under license from Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. License Agreement TMS1005.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted under license from VWGoA, License Agreement 14503VWA.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted under a license from Hyundai Motor America. All copyrights in and to such materials are owned by Hyundai Motor America 2014 HMA.

Portions of materials contained herein have been reprinted under a license from Nissan North America (License Agreement NNA15003).